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NEW - Development of Tourism (A2)
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Positive amd Negative Tourism
Start on Thursday 1st February 2007 - Deadline Wed 7th Feb
Describe and explain the positive and negative impacts that tourism has on the enviroment:
Tourism has many effects on the area that it takes place in. The impacts can be economic, social or environmental. They can be either positive or negative.
Economic impacts are mainly a good thing. Tourism growth in an area means that businesses are created (new hotels etc.) this means that jobs are created for people and money is generated. Although a lot of the money generated by tourism leaks out of the area. In order to stop this leakage we need to sell more quality products in places such as museum shops, things that are produced in this country and then the money stays in the country by going back to the factories instead of leaking out to LEDC's that create the cheap products that we currently sell.
Although tourism creates a lot of jobs the hours that the people have to work tend to be very unsocial and the people who work in tourism have less social contact with each other. This is a social impact. Tourism can take away from the culture of a place as well. Each time tourists come to a place the locals will strive to be like them and often the tourists will strive to be more like the people in the place they are visiting. The place will adapt itself to satisfy the needs of the tourists. For example Majorca, used to be a full of fishing villages, now the people who would have been fisherman own bars and clubs. Majorca has become Party Island! The place is better off economically but socially and culturally the local people are a lot worse off.
On the environmental side of things the impacts and effects of modern day tourism have been well documented and discussed. With global warming now the 'hot topic' in todays society, tourism and its products have been cited as a major contributor to global warming. The most obvious and talked about pollution is from aeroplanes and the carbon footprint left by them. With the increased accessability and popularity of long haul destinations leading to conjested skys and mass amounts of pollution. For example when flying to Sydney, Australia a plane will emit 5.6 tonnes of carbon dioxide per passenger, the equivalent to how much an average household will produce in a whole year. But socially the boom in flying has led to large increases in employment. Easyjet claim to have created 30,000 jobs directly and indirectly from their growth in th past decade. With many environmental leaders calling for increased taxes on aviation and gas gussling cars the pressure on the government is immense. But will Gordon Brown really want to hamper economic growth with higher taxes? The bottom line is that as long as countries and governments strive for economic development the environment will suffer, whether through tourism or industry.
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